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汉英地质专业分类词汇二(272条)


2015-01-15    浏览次数(214)    
汉英地质专业分类词汇二(272条)

六、水文地质hydrologic geology

河流river

水库 reservoir

 spring

地表水 surface water

地下水 groundwater

大气降水atmospheric precipitation

潜水phreatic water

承压水confined water

层间水interstrated water

地下水位 groundwater level

含水层aquifer, water bearing layer

隔水层aquiclude, water-resistinglayer

弱含水层aquitard

透水层permeable bed

孔隙含水层porous aquifer

裂隙含水层fissured aquifer

岩溶含水层karst aquifer

无压含水层unconfined aquifer

承压含水层confined aquifer

含水岩组water-bearingformation

含水岩系water-bearing rock series

持水度water-holding capacity

给水度specific yield

透水性permeability

富水性water yield property

溶洞karst cave

孔隙水pore water

裂隙水fissure water

岩溶水karst water

补给区 recharge area

径流区 runoff area

排泄区 discharge area

地下径流 underground runoff

地下水排泄 groundwater discharge

降水补给precipitation recharge

地表水补给 surface waterrecharge

越流补给 leakage recharge

水文地质单元hydrogeological unit

地下水赋存条件 groundwater occurrence

水文地质条件hydrogeological condition

水文地质类型hydrogeological type

地下水储存量 groundwater storage

地下水监测 groundwatermonitoring

抽水试验 pumping test

注水试验 injection test

入渗试验 Infiltration test

水文调查hydrologic investigation

渗透系数osmoticcoefficient

矿床充水flooding of ore deposit

矿床充水条件flooding condition of oredeposit

矿床充水水源Water source of ore depositflooding

矿床充水通道flooding passage in ore deposit

充水岩层flooding layer

老窿水goaf water

矿坑涌水量water yield of mine

正常涌水量normal water yield

最大涌水量maximum water yield

大井法Large diameter well method

开采疏干simultaneousdraining in mining

地下疏干underground draining

地表疏干surfacedraining

疏干钻孔drainwell

疏干巷道drainingtunnel

矿井突水water bursting in mines

突水点water bursting point

防水矿柱ore pillarpreventing water burst

矿井堵水water blocking in mines

探水钻孔water exploration borehole

注浆孔grouting well

最高洪水位 maximum flood level

 

七、工程地质egineering geology

顶板 roof

顶板稳定性 roof stability

顶板冒落带 caving zone of topwall

顶板裂隙带 fissure zone of topwall

顶板管理 roof control

顶板支护 roof support

顶板崩落 collapse of roof

底板 floor, footwall

底鼓 footwall heaving

岩石物理性质 physical propertiesof rock

岩石力学性质 mechanicalproperties of rock

抗压强度compressive strength

抗拉强度 tensilestrength

岩爆 rock burst

软弱结构面 weak structuralplane

工程地质条件 engineering geologiccondition

 

八、环境地质environmental geology

岩崩 rock fall

滑坡 landslide

泥石流 mud-rock flow

地震 earthquake

地面沉降 subsidence

地面开裂 land crack

地面塌陷 ground surface collapse

塌陷坑 collapse pit

地下水污染 groundwater pollution

地表水污染 surface waterpollution

污染源pollution source

地下水资源枯竭 groundwater resourcedepletion

地下水质恶化 deterioration of groundwaterquality

 

九、资源/储量resource/reserve

矿产资源mineralresources

储量 reserves

基础储量 reserve base

资源量 resources

可采储量 proved reserves

预可采储量 probable reserves

探明的 measured

控制的 indicated

推断的 inferred

预测的prognostic

远景储量 prospective reserves

经济的 economic

边际经济的 marginally economic

次经济的 subeconomic

内蕴经济的intrinsically economic

矿石 ore

矿层 orebed

矿床 ore deposit

矿块 ore block

矿柱 ore pillar, ore column

矿石品位 ore grade

富矿体 ore shoot, orecourse

贫矿 poor ore

 

来源: 贵州地调

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